Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Vocational/House Painting, Interior

Home Portray, Inside
Normal Convention
Ability Degree 3 Answer-Keys 06.jpg
Yr of Introduction: 1938

1. Clarify and display easy methods to put together and end new or outdated woodwork within the following methods: a. Staining b. Varnishing c. Portray[edit]

The important thing to end is floor preparation. Whether or not you might be staining, varnishing, or portray, the floor should be clear. How it’s cleaned relies upon extra on the suface being completed than on the tactic used to complete it.

Don’t paint over dust, cobwebs, or free paint. For drywall, begin by vacuuming all of the cobwebs and mud. Then use a family cleaner and wash the partitions down. Enable them to dry. Scrape off any free paint. If it doesn’t all come off, sand the zone between the place it did come off and the place it could to not eradicate any ridges (these ridges will change into rather more obvious after portray).

In kitchens, the cleansing is particularly essential, as surfaces may have been coated with grease. This should be eliminated, or the lifetime of the paint job can be severely curtailed.

In bogs, test for mildew. If any is discovered, it should be killed with an answer consisting of 1 half bleach, three elements water. Mildew is a dwelling factor. In the event you merely wash it off and paint over it, it’s positive to return again. Watch out to not get any bleach in your clothes, as it should trigger it to discolor. Upon getting wiped the bleach resolution on the wall (or sprayed it on), permit it to take a seat for 15 minutes to do its work. Then rinse it off with clear water.

The following factor to do is tackle any defects within the partitions. Don’t assume that the paint will cowl them. Paint is extra more likely to amplify imperfections than it’s to cowl them. Cowl any holes with spackling compound, utilizing a putty knife or a taping knife. Reseat any nail pops, setting them under the floor (one closing blow with the hammer will put a small dent within the wall – that is truly desired). Then fill the opening with joint compound and wipe it off with a taping knife.

Bigger imperfections ought to be re-enforced and lined with drywall tape and a layer of joint compound. Work the joint compound with a taping knife till it’s as clean as you may make it. Enable it to dry, then sand it. If obligatory, add a second layer of joint compound. Enable it to dry and sand it.

For naked wooden, sand out any imperfections and glue down any splits or nail pops. Sand over any glued areas as soon as the glue dries (stain and polish will present you precisely the place there’s glue as a substitute of wooden, and you do not need this to occur). Wipe the wooden down with a material dampened with no matter solvent is used for cleansing the end (that’s, if the end is cleaned out of the brushes with turpentine, wipe the wooden down with turpentine). Seek the advice of the product data on the can of end to find out the correct solvent.

Wooden that has already been stained may be ready by rubbing down with metal wool, adopted by a material dampened with the correct solvent (see above).

2. Give two strategies of stippling.[edit]

If you stipple, a glaze coat of 1 coloration is utilized after which textured, revealing the undercoat of a base coloration.
In each circumstances, a glaze is combined with latex paint at a 5:1 ratio (5 elements glaze, one half paint). Stippling ought to be executed in small sections shifting from the highest of the wall to the underside in order that if there are drips or runs, it is not going to wreck the work already accomplished.

With both methodology start as follows:

  • Put together the floor as you’d for any inside portray mission, repairing cracks, taping baseboards, eradicating outlet and light-weight swap covers, and many others.
  • Paint the floor a light-weight coloration for the undercoating.
  • Enable the bottom coloration to dry utterly.
  • Combine the paint and glaze.

Brush Stippling[edit]

  • Utilizing a sponge, moist a small part of the wall. It will permit the glaze to go on fluidly.
  • Paint the glaze onto the dampened floor with an everyday paint brush. Work the comb prime to backside, then aspect to aspect, then prime to backside once more, making criss-crosses.
  • Stipple the moist glaze by jabbing the underside of a stippling brush’s bristles onto the floor head-on. The comb ought to be perpendicular to the wall. Frequently alter the sample.
  • Go over the floor as soon as shortly, after which return over it once more to refine the sample.

Sponge Stippling[edit]

  • Choose a pure sea sponge and reduce it in half to type a flat floor.
  • Put together the wall and paint the bottom coloration as with brush stippling (described above).
  • Dip the sponge in a bucket of water after which wring it dry.
  • Press the sponge flippantly right into a tray filled with paint.
  • Blot the sponge on a paper towel to take away extra paint.
  • Flippantly dab the sponge on the wall, making J or X patterns.
  • Overlap the patterns as you progress back and forth and prime to backside.
  • Dip the sponge in water and wring it out once more sometimes.

3. When ought to a paint spray gun be used?[edit]

A paint spray gun ought to be used when portray extremely textured surfaces. Examples of textured surfaces embrace stucco, cinder blocks, and rough-hewn lumber. These are very tough (however not inconceivable) to color with a curler or a brush.

Paint sprayers are a lot sooner than rollers and brushes, and they aren’t restricted to textured surfaces. In the event you can defend areas which can be not to be painted, a sprayer can be utilized in virtually any space. Keep away from utilizing close to furnaces, ovens, and water heaters although except you’ll be able to extinguish (or forestall) open flames. Fuel water heaters, fuel ovens, fuel furnaces, propane furnaces, and oil furnaces all have open flames. Do not forget that if the paint is flammable, so are the fumes.

4. Describe the correct strategies for cleansing and care of paint and polish brushes.[edit]

Correct cleansing begins earlier than you start to color. If utilizing a water-soluble paint, dip the comb in water. If utilizing a paint (or varnish) that’s not water-soluble, dip the comb in no matter solvent is known as for. Then shake the comb to take away extra water (or solvent). As soon as that is executed, you might be able to dip the comb within the paint for the primary time.

If you find yourself completed portray, run water over the skin of the comb, letting it move away from the comb’s ferrule and off the tip of the bristles. Then fill an empty, clear paint can (or bucket) midway with water and add a pair tablespoons of dish washing liquid. Swirl the comb round within the soapy water, however don’t jab the bristles into the underside of the can. It will trigger the bristles to develop everlasting bends.

Rinse the comb in a second can (or bucket) of clear water. If the rinse water clouds up, return to the soapy water, after which rinse once more. Repeat till the rinse water doesn’t cloud up. Dangle the comb to dry by the opening drilled within the tip of its deal with.[1]

5. Present easy methods to use putty correctly.[edit]

Putty is used to fill nail holes an blemishes in door and wind facings, baseboards, and crown moldings. It ought to have the consistency of paste. Tear off a small ball of putty and push it into the opening along with your finger. Then, nonetheless utilizing your finger, wipe it away, in order that some is left within the gap, however the prime is even with the floor of the wooden. Enable the putty to dry earlier than portray.

6. Clarify the distinction between exterior and inside paints.[edit]

Paint is made for inside or exterior use, and they’re made to have completely different traits.

Inside paint traits Exterior paint traits
Good scrubbing and stain resistance Colour retention/fade resistance
Capacity to cover/cowl (no matter is being painted over) Versatile (expands or contracts with climate modifications)
Spatter resistance Mildew resistance
Straightforward contact up Sturdiness

7. Make a listing of ten correct coloration schemes for inside home portray utilizing coloration swatches from a paint store. Why are vivid/loud colours not most well-liked?[edit]

Brilliant colours make it tough to calm down in a room, so they need to be prevented in most inside areas.

Earlier than you go to the paint retailer, it may be a good suggestion to evaluate coloration schemes. For this, we flip to the colour wheel, which reveals all the colours of the rainbow biking from purple, to yellow, to blue, and biking again to purple once more. These are the main colours and all the opposite colours within the wheel may be shaped by mixing them collectively. If equal quantities of main colours are combined, we get a secondary coloration: purple and yellow make orange, yellow and blue make inexperienced, and blue and purple make violet.

Mixing a secondary coloration with an adjoining main kinds a tertiary coloration. For instance, blue combined with inexperienced makes blue-green.

Black and white are usually not thought of colours, although they do have an effect on the best way colours look. Mixing white with a coloration produces a tint. Mixing black with a coloration produces a shade.

Many forms of coloration schemes have been devised for all kinds of functions, however we are going to give attention to three:

  • Monochromatic
  • Complementary
  • Analogous

From these three recipes, you possibly can simply make ten coloration schemes (simply select a few completely different “base” colours for every till you’ve gotten ten).


On this scheme, just one coloration is used, however numerous tints and shades are mixed, corresponding to blue, gentle blue, and darkish blue. The painter may additionally use numerous tints, corresponding to gentle blue, lighter blue, and a blue nonetheless lighter than that.


Complementary colours are colours which can be reverse one another on the colour wheel, corresponding to blue and orange, purple and inexperienced, purple and yellow.

The excessive distinction between the colours creates a vibrant look, particularly when used at full saturation. Complementary colours may be tough to make use of in massive doses.


Additionally known as harmonious colours, are colours which can be adjoining to one another on the colour wheel. Some examples are inexperienced, gentle inexperienced, and yellow or purple, orange and yellow. Analogous coloration schemes are sometimes present in nature and are pleasing to the attention.

8. Clarify the composition of and if you use the next paints[edit]

a. Oil based mostly[edit]

Oil paint is a kind of slow-drying paint that consists of particles of pigment suspended in a drying oil, generally linseed oil. The viscosity of the paint could also be modified by the addition of a solvent corresponding to turpentine or white spirit, and polish could also be added to extend the glossiness of the dried movie.

Oil-based paints are the higher alternative for high-traffic areas, for metallic surfaces, or for surfaces that can be uncovered to low temperatures. Oil-based paints additionally resist staining higher than water-based paints.

b. Water based mostly[edit]

Latex paint is a water-borne dispersion of sub-micrometre polymer particles. The time period “latex” within the context of paint merely means an aqueous dispersion; latex rubber (the sap of the rubber tree that has traditionally been known as latex) is just not an ingredient. These dispersions are ready by emulsion polymerization. Latex paints treatment by a course of known as coalescence the place first the water, after which the hint, or coalescing, solvent, evaporate and draw collectively and soften the latex binder particles and fuse them collectively into irreversibly certain networked constructions, in order that the paint is not going to redissolve within the solvent/water that initially carried it.

Water-based paints are greatest for any areas not suited to oil-based paints. They resist fading higher and are simpler to use. Clear up can be a lot simpler, and the odor throughout software is way decrease than with oil-based paints.

9. Paint the woodwork of at the very least 4 rooms.[edit]

The woodwork consists of the baseboards, door frames, window frames, and crown molding. This requirement means that the woodwork be painted a special coloration than the partitions. It may even have a pure end (corresponding to varnish).

10. Paint at the very least one room, displaying ability in maintaining paint the place it belongs.[edit]

Paint belongs on the partitions and ceilings. It doesn’t belong on the ground, home windows, outlet and swap covers, door knobs, latches, or hinges. Nor does it belong on lighting fixtures, smoke detectors, sprinklers, artwork work, mirrors, telephones, home equipment, or furnishings.

If the woodwork is to have a end distinct from the partitions, paint doesn’t belong there both.

How will we preserve paint the place it belongs?

  • Lay down a drop material.
  • Tape the baseboards, home windows, hinges.
  • Take away door knobs and swap and outlet covers.
  • Transfer furnishings out of the room, or cowl it with a drop material.
  • Take away or tape lighting fixtures.
  • Don’t paint over smoke detectors – tape them off, and take away the tape if you end up completed.

Somewhat than taping, skilled painters normally use a way known as “reducing in.” With this method, an angled brush is used, and it’s stored principally dry. It does not take a lot paint to cowl trim. Put not more than an inch or two of paint in a bucket that has no lip. Grip the comb by the bristles as for those who had been holding a pencil. Deal with the deal with as if it had been there solely to carry the bristles collectively, not as one thing you maintain the comb by.

Dip the comb not more than half in inch into the paint, then drag it dry alongside the wall of the bucket to take away the surplus paint. Then paint a line. The outer bristles type the sharp fringe of the road. Observe on the wall earlier than you progress in to the essential areas.[2]

However typically regardless of our greatest efforts, paint does go the place it doesn’t belong. When that occurs do not panic – simply clear off the undesirable paint.

11. Inform and present easy methods to correctly retailer unused paint.[edit]

The important thing to storing unused paint is to stop air from reaching it. That is executed by correctly sealing the can. Retailer paint the place is is not going to freeze.

Correct storage begins earlier than you open the can. Open the can with a key – a particular instrument made only for opening paint cans. Most paint shops provides you with one if you purchase paint. If not, you should purchase one – they don’t seem to be costly (or shops would not be giving them away). Prying the lid off with a screwdriver will distort the lip making it inconceivable to realize a good seal.

As soon as the can is open, don’t wipe a moist brush on the lip of the paint can. This kinds a chime which makes it tough to seal the can correctly. Use a plastic pouring cap to pour the paint right into a tray or right into a small bucket. In the event you do get paint on the can’s lip, wipe it off with a material earlier than sealing it.

Place the lid on the can and faucet it closed with a rubber mallet.

Historic Notes[edit]

Home Portray – Inside, Home Portray – Exterior and Paperhanging had been initially one honor known as merely Home Portray. They had been separated into Housepainting and Paper Hanging in 1944, after which discontinued in 1956. They had been re-introduced in 2002 as three distinct honors.




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