Carpentry/Power Tools/Sanders – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

The next entries apply initially to a single flapdisc system used to sand comparatively small blocks for youngsters.

Children’ block toys– greatest development and engineering schooling[edit]

Wooden block toys are well known to be probably the most versatile and most instructional of all toys, but they’re surprisingly underrepresented within the armarium of toys and schooling gadgets obtainable to youngsters worldwide, with unlucky outcomes. Youngsters are steered to toys from which one can be taught little about methods to do something (music, math, engineering) however a lot about picture, standing and bogus conceptions of non-public identification (dolls, similated weapons and different symbolic possessions, passive leisure audio and video, and so on. targeted on the infinite quarrel over who has the higher hand).

A latest Beckley-Cardy “schooling” toy catalog devoted lower than 5% of its pages to wooden block toy merchandise—a lot of the relaxation consisting of plastic, paper, media and so on. The block toy part provided, amongst different issues equally priced, a set of 500 blocks for $700($1.40 per block), guaranteeing that they’re made from solely the easiest particular New England maple and that each block is a precise exact a number of of the size or width of each different. (What does a 2-year-old care about wooden pedigree?)

Neglect spending all that cash; purchase a second-hand table-saw and a 7-1/4″ carbide-tipped sawblade (which can final by means of a whole bunch of nailhits) and you’ll rework editable outdated scrapwood cutoffs from crates, pallets, development and demolition leftovers, and so on., into clear beautiful blocks in surprisingly little time. Attempt to use what you discover discarded in your neighborhood, or deadwood trunks and branches edited from native backyard and road timber—the primary precedence is to trim and sand away dust, air pollution and splinters, leaving uncovered the attractive, infinitely instructive grain sample, and spherical off sharp edges and corners.

There isn’t a restrict to sizes or shapes of blocks value making for youngsters, neither is actual geometry of significance previous to age 3 (“Irregular Blocks Educate Adaptive Engineering”).
(Subsequent to perhaps writing symphonies for big orchestra, saw-trimming scrapwood into blockshapes for youngsters is probably the most intellectually difficult and inventive work on the planet.)

(Diagrams and footage of consultant merchandise are in preparation to be added to the article, Wikiversity: Important Preschool Half I. When you have a product concept with image do not hesitate so as to add it there.)Tokerdesigner 22:29, 15 February 2008 (UTC)

Disc sanding system[edit]

Many sides and edges must be sanded to get rid of all probability of splinters, and spherical all sharp edges and corners on blocks destined to be used by youngsters. Connect a daily 1725-rpm motor to a desk with the shaft mentioning over the desk’s edge. Onto the shaft, with an arbor/converter which could be obtained for lower than $US10, connect a 7-inch flapsander disc (the #24-Grit “Tiger-Disc” for $18 from Weiler Abrasives is really useful, and different discs, from Grit #36 up, are sometimes cheaper). This disc will survive tens of 1000’s of wooden sandings.

As you face the sander with the block firmly held in each palms, the disc shall be revolving counter-clockwise in order that the path is down on the left facet, up on the best. Do all of your sanding on the left facet of the disc in order that the mud flies downward right into a sack, field or vacuum contrivance. Protecting eyeware and woodman’s muzzle (Muzzlewoodmanism) suggested.

As a substitute of simply holding the block nonetheless whereas pushing it in opposition to the disc, you need to preserve the block shifting in order to scale back heat-buildup (and clogging).

  • Motion left and proper distributes abrasion warmth amongst completely different areas of the sandpaper and of the wooden.
  • Motion up and down varies the path of lower (see beneath).

Develop a sequence of actions for sanding all sides and turning edges and corners. Mentally rely numbers as wanted to maintain monitor of the place you’re in your system. Sanding a typical block from completely tough could take two minutes. (With hardwoods, it can save you time by skinning the perimeters with a desk noticed or chop noticed, leaving solely sharp corners and edges to be sanded with larger grit paper.)

When rounding an end-edge, sand out of the sidegrain into the endgrain so you will not rip something off (such because the bark on rustic items). Sanding blocks is analogous to conducting that symphony which another person (perhaps you earlier) wrote. It brings out the fantastic artistry of the artist (tree), and can enable you develop a scientific thoughts and sense of rhythm so that you’re simpler demonstrating a Zooky (see Wikiversity: Important Preschool Half I).

Some notes on strokes[edit]

From a lot follow with the benchmounted disc system described above, the author has discovered to differentiate three kinds of strokes:

  • Hyphen-stroke—left-right—used for low-pressure rounding of edges (often 4 facet grain and 4 side-to-end grain).
  • C-stroke—a double stroke with the wooden constantly in touch with the flapdisc 180 levels across the left facet of the disc and alternatively a bit of additional towards the best on the prime of the disc and a bit of additional to the best on the backside of the disc (illustration is in preparation and shall be added to article). That is used for high-pressure sanding of flat sidegrain.
  • I-stroke—up-down—used for sanding flat endgrain surfaces.

A stroke sequence discovered sensible[edit]

1. Facet grain: begin with the block mendacity laterally along with your proper hand gripping the block strongly and able to do turns, and your left fingers urgent the block in opposition to the left fringe of the sanding disc, at a slight angle in order that a lot of the stress is in opposition to the outer fringe of the disc. Sand about half the block with two high-pressure C-strokes (right-left-right-left), then turning the block “away” from you as much as 45 levels, two low-pressure hyphen-strokes, then once more two high-pressure C-strokes on the unique facet, then turning the block “towards” you, two low-pressure hyphen-strokes. Do the whole operation 4 occasions in a single easily steady continuous sequence. Then flip the block round and repeat the above for the other half of the block.

2. Flip the block in order that it’s slanting downward about 45 levels towards the disc and rotate it so that every side-to-end edge is rounded; then flip the block finish (crossgrain) flat in opposition to the outer a part of the disc and do one or two I-strokes (see above); flip to 45-degree angle and rotate one 90-degree flip; once more flatten endface in opposition to disc for one or two I-strokes, and so on. (do the above 4 occasions).

3. With block mendacity laterally, this time about parallel to the entire flapdisc, grip strongly (for turning) along with your left hand and along with your proper fingers press the block in opposition to the inside lip of the flapseries (at this place, nearer the middle of the disc, the sandpaper is shifting virtually twice as sluggish as throughout the above sequences). Sand about half the block with two high-pressure C-strokes, flip it “towards” you for 2 low-pressure hyphen-strokes, and so forth round (often 4 occasions). Flip the block and do the opposite end-half equally. This sequence is a bit of shorter than #1 above, and you’re sanding in the wrong way from #1.

4. Repeat #2 above with I-strokes on the endface, however this time in opposition to the inside lip of the flaps as a substitute of the periphery.

Relying on the dimensions of the block, the above four-step sequence could take 1–Four minutes. Most often, a softwood block dealt with this manner is prepared for varnish or paint, and a hardwood block for the following finer disc (with a shorter sequence). By turning and alternating you keep away from overheating and use the disc most effectively.

Varnish, paint?[edit]

Varnishing is advisable to guard some softwoods which soil or stain simply, and it’ll make some pines, and so on., extra dramatic by bringing out the colour distinction between arduous (darkish) and gentle (gentle) rings. Choose the boringest softwood items to be painted: first a coat of paint, then let dry; resand, presumably partly eroding the paint in an fascinating grainy/drainy/trainy sample; second coat could also be varnish. Or paint the blocks with a light-weight coloration, sand simply sufficient for smoothness, give to youngsters to attract or paint illustrations on, then ultimate varnish.

An choice with hardwood blocks is to resand with a better grit (and at a slower wheel velocity, which can require belt and pulley): Grit #36, #50, #60, #80, #100 and so on. requiring 2/3, 1/2, 1/Three wheel speeds and so on. The crossgrain thus revealed (detailed view of a few years of treegrowth) is the #1 most instructional view seen wherever on the planet. Some items of especial magnificence will want no varnish in any respect; others could also be painted and/or varnished solely on the facet grain, leaving the ultimate advantageous sanding of endgrain for after the varnish has dried.

Additional studying bonus: sandman coaching[edit]

In comparison with saws, which scare mother and father, the sander is a comparatively protected machine for comparatively younger youngsters to make use of, making blocks for comparatively youthful youngsters. Seek the advice of consultants on methods to arrange a workspace during which some youngsters can take part safely on this profoundly educating and productive efficiency artwork.)

Different small sanded-wood merchandise[edit]

The above cited solutions for sanding with the flapdisc system are relevant to a variety of workplace tools, device handles, and so on. the place scrapwood-based product can substitute for presently obtainable product made with new wooden, petroleum plastics, steel and different much less eco-friendly supplies.


Most boards beneath 4’/1.3m are about as simply, and extra cheaply, ready with the disc sander system above, in contrast with an expensive handheld disc sander or belt sander, good as they’re.

1. Stand going through the table- or bench-height 24-grit flapdisc and preserve shifting the board in a scientific manner whereas urgent the board in opposition to the left facet of the disc, largely sanding crossgrain as a result of although this may increasingly make the board barely much less flat the primary factor is to kill splinters.

a. When sanding sides and edges on the left (your left) finish of the board, maintain a lot of the board securely beneath your proper armpit and press along with your left hand from behind the board.

b. When sanding sides and edges on the proper (your proper) finish, maintain board securely beneath your left armpit and press along with your proper hand from behind the board.

c. Sand at a 45 diploma angle all the way in which round every finish (holding the board pointing down 45 levels towards the place it contacts the sandpaper) earlier than sanding the flat finish. Rounding all edges will resolve a minimum of 90% of all splinter issues.


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