chrism – Wiktionary

English[edit]

A jar containing chrism (consecrated oil)

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin crisma, from Ecclesiastical Latin chrisma, from Historic Greek χρῖσμα (khrîsma, anointing”, “unction), from χρίω (khríō, anoint).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chrism (countable and uncountable, plural chrisms)

  1. A mix of oil and balm, consecrated to be used as an anointing fluid in sure Christian ceremonies, particularly affirmation.
    • 1958, Anthony Burgess, The Enemy within the Blanket (The Malayan Trilogy), revealed 1972, web page 352:

      A reinforcement of contemporary troops staggered in, one man soaked and dripping, his hair sticky with the chrism of poured beer, one other together with his pockets filled with sauce-bottles.

    • 1982, A. G. Dickens, Reformation Research, web page 305, footnote,
      I observe no affirmation of this reversal and Pole particularly restored chrisms in 1555 (Cardwell, op. cit. i. 147).
    • 1984, Anthony Burgess, Enderby’s Darkish Girl:

      ‘The King,’ Will cried, ‘is my grasp and bathed within the chrism of the Lord God.’

    • 1986, Thomas G. Pavel, Fictional Worlds[1], web page 111:

      For Christian examples of condensed symbols, think about the sacraments, notably the Eucharist and the Chrisms.

    • 2000, Joseph O’Neill, The Black Shore[2], web page 62:

      He was extra harmful than the plump glad ones, he was so positive of the worth of his witchcraft, the holy oils and chrisms and unctions.

    • 2002, Colin Jones, The Nice Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 8:
      Miraculously moist, the chrism was saved in an ampulla in Reims cathedral the place the coronations of the kings of France had been held.

Derived phrases[edit]

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