Melissa officinalis – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

Melissa officinalis

Lemon Balm
Melissa officinalis - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-094.jpg
Binomial: Melissa officinalis
Household: Lamiaceae
Kind: Herbaceous perennial
Mild necessities: Solar to half shade
Water necessities: Drought tolerant
Soil necessities: Nicely-drained, wealthy soils
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9
Pest points: few
Illness points: few
Weediness: Aggressive spreader, may be weedy by seed
Pollination: Bugs
Toxicity and edibility: Edible

Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)is a perennial herb within the mint household Lamiaceae, native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean area.


It grows to 70-150 cm tall. The leaves have a lemon scent and style. On the finish of the summer time, little white flowers stuffed with nectar seem. These entice bees, therefore the genus title Melissa (Greek for ‘honey bee’). Its flavour comes from the terpenes citronellal, citronellol, citral, and geraniol. Lemon Balm grows in clumps and spreads vegetatively in addition to by seed. In delicate temperate zones, the stems of the plant die off in the beginning of the winter, however shoot up once more in spring.

Rising circumstances[edit]

This herb may be simple to domesticate in United States Division of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones Four to 9. In zone 4, it wants winter mulch and a well-drained sandy soil to outlive. In zone 7, it may be harvested via late autumn. It’s reasonably shade-tolerant, rather more so than most herbs. In dry climates, it grows greatest in partial shade.


It’s used as a flavouring in tisane and ice cream, however its commonest use is to make natural teas. It makes a very refreshing iced tea, particularly when combined with different herbs comparable to spearmint. It is usually typically paired with fruit dishes or candies.

Lemon balm important oil could be very in style in aromatherapy. The important oil is usually co-distilled with lemon oil, citronella oil, or different oils.

The crushed leaves, when rubbed on the pores and skin, are used as a repellant for mosquitos.

Lemon Balm can also be used medicinally as a natural tea, or in extract kind. It’s claimed to have antibacterial, antiviral properties, and it is usually used as a gentle sedative or calming agent. No less than one examine has discovered it to be efficient at decreasing stress, though the examine’s authors name for additional analysis[1]. Its antibacterial properties have additionally been demonstrated scientifically, though they’re markedly weaker than these from numerous different vegetation studied[2].



It may be simply grown from stem cuttings rooted in water, or from seeds. Below splendid circumstances, it’ll seed itself prolifically and might develop into a nuisance in gardens.


Harvest contemporary, utilizing the leaves.

Pests and ailments[edit]



  1. Kennedy, D.O.; W. Little, A.B. Scholey. (2004). “Attenuation of laboratory-induced stress in people after acute administration of Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm)”. Psychosom Med 66 (4): 607-613. 
  2. Nascimento, G.G.F.; J. Locatelli, P.C. Freitas, G.L. Silva (2002). “Antibacterial exercise of plant extracts and phytochemicals on Antibiotic-resistant micro organism”. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 31 (4). 


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