Plumping – Wikipedia

Plumping, additionally known as “enhancing” or “injecting,” is the method by which some poultry firms inject uncooked hen meat with saltwater, hen inventory, seaweed extract or some mixture thereof. The observe is mostly used for contemporary hen and can be utilized in frozen poultry merchandise,[1] though different meats might also be plumped.[2]

Poultry producers have injected hen (and different meat) with saltwater options because the 1970s,[3] claiming it makes for tastier, juicier meat. Based on Kenneth McMillin, Professor of Meat Science on the Louisiana State College Agricultural Middle in Baton Rouge, processors use multiple-needle injectors or vacuum-tumblers, that drive the sodium resolution into the muscle.[3] Binding brokers within the resolution stop the added salt and water from leaching out of the meat throughout transport, in grocery shops and through cooking.[3]


Value to customers[edit]

Plumped hen generally accommodates 15% of its whole weight in saltwater, however in some instances can include as a lot as 30%.[1] Because the worth of hen is predicated on weight, opponents of the observe estimate that buyers might be paying as much as an extra $1.70 per package deal for added saltwater,[1] with the entire annual price to U.S. households estimated to be $2 billion in added weight costs.[4]

Well being results[edit]

A serving of plumped hen can include between 200 mg and 500 mg of sodium per serving,[5][6] which is greater than 25% of the USDA’s really useful every day sodium consumption.[7] Non-plumped hen typically accommodates 45 to 70 mg per serving.[8] In January 2010, the American Coronary heart Affiliation launched new tips calling for all Individuals to cut back their sodium consumption to 1,500 mg (equal to three.8 g of salt) from 2,300 mg. Beforehand, 1,500 mg was the really useful restrict for higher-risk people solely.[9] In a present examine, analysis has proven that lowering salt consumption by three grams a day would lower new instances of coronary heart illness by one-third annually. This would scale back coronary heart disease- associated deaths by an estimated 100,000 yearly,[9] and save as much as an estimated $24 billion in annual well being prices, in accordance with a examine revealed by the New England Journal of Drugs.[10] Dr. Bibbins-Domingo of UCSF, who led the examine for the New England Journal of Drugs says, “Decreasing salt consumption might be as helpful as quitting smoking, weight reduction, and utilizing ldl cholesterol treatment.”[10]

Supporters of plumping cite that hen with as a lot as 330 mg or much less of sodium per serving is eligible for the American Coronary heart Affiliation’s seal of approval.[9] Nonetheless, the Nationwide Academy of Sciences Institute of Drugs just lately carried out hearings exploring well being dangers related to excessive salt consumption, together with testimony that addressed the observe of plumping.[11] Well being specialists have weighed in on the problem. In a June 22, 2009 Los Angeles Occasions article, Marion Nestle, Professor of Diet, Meals Research and Public Well being at New York College, famous that “the observe of saltwater plumping [adds] pointless salt to folks’s diets, [and] it additionally will increase the water weight of hen.”[3]


Poultry producers, client advocacy teams and authorities officers are debating how plumped hen merchandise needs to be labeled. Below present USDA laws, plumped hen should carry an “All-Pure” or “100% Pure” label.[8] Plumped hen is often labeled as pure and “enhanced with as much as 15% hen broth.”[7] Critics of the observe argue that 70% of customers assume hen labeled “pure” shouldn’t include saltwater.[1] Proponents of plumping say that their packaging already states that the hen has been injected and that the improved hen is offered to fulfill client demand.[12]

In South Africa, controversy over individually quick-frozen hen items being injected with as much as 50% brine content material, has resulted in authorities regulation requiring IQF hen to be labeled with brine content material.[13] IQF hen is an affordable staple meals and producers had been accused of deceptive the poor.

IQF hen items in South Africa (from two completely different producers), labeled with brine content material. The labels persistently assert that the product is just 70% hen.

Media protection[edit]

Various U.S. poultry producers have addressed the observe in promoting campaigns. In March 2009, West Coast poultry producer Foster Farms and their promoting company Goodby, Silverstein & Companions launched a marketing campaign centered on “Say No To Plumping.” TV commercials in English and Spanish featured the long-running Foster “Imposters” discussing the results of plumping.[14] The “Say No To Plumping” marketing campaign received the 2010 Gold Effie Award in promoting.[15]Sanderson Farms beforehand ran an promoting marketing campaign on TV and out of doors billboards drawing client consideration to saltwater injected hen.[16]

Plumping gained consideration from the Wall Road Journal in early Could 2009.[17][18] The difficulty has additionally been lined within the Los Angeles Occasions, the Related Press, the Baton Rouge Advocate and the Deseret Information in Salt Lake Metropolis, Utah.[3][6][8]


  1. ^ a b c d Shopping for this hen? You could possibly pay as much as $1.70 for broth on Shopper
  2. ^ Authorities of Canada, Canadian Meals Inspection Company (four March 2014). “Labelling necessities for meat and poultry merchandise”. Retrieved 17 Could 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e “The Los Angeles Occasions – The Hidden Salt in Rooster”. 2009-06-22. Retrieved 17 Could 2019.
  4. ^ “Producers, Shopper Teams Debate ‘Pure’ Definition”. Retrieved 17 Could 2019.
  5. ^ Beck, Melinda (5 Could 2009). “The Effective Print: What’s Actually in a Lot of ‘Wholesome’ Meals”. Wall Road Journal. Retrieved 17 Could 2019 – by way of
  6. ^ a b Phillips, Valerie (24 June 2009). “Valerie Phillips: ‘Pure’ hen usually plumped with salt water”. Retrieved 17 Could 2019.
  7. ^ a b “Middle For Science In The Public Curiosity”. Retrieved 17 Could 2019.
  8. ^ a b c Advocate, The. “ – The Advocate – Baton Rouge Information, Sports activities and Leisure”. The Advocate. Retrieved 17 Could 2019.
  9. ^ a b c Wang, Shirley S. (21 January 2010). “Research Counts Advantages of Chopping Salt”. Wall Road Journal. Retrieved 17 Could 2019 – by way of
  10. ^ a b Bibbins-Domingo, Kirsten; Chertow, Glenn M.; Coxson, Pamela G.; Moran, Andrew; Lightwood, James M.; Pletcher, Mark J.; Goldman, Lee (18 February 2010). “Projected Impact of Dietary Salt Reductions on Future Cardiovascular Illness”. New England Journal of Drugs. 362 (7): 590–599. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0907355. PMC 3066566. PMID 20089957.
  11. ^ “Institute Of Drugs Of The Nationwide Academies Facilities for Illness Management – “Most Individuals Ought to Eat Much less Sodium (1,500 mg/Day or Much less). Retrieved 17 Could 2019.
  12. ^ “Truthful Labeling Coalition”. Retrieved 17 Could 2019.
  13. ^ “Rooster brining guidelines will set customary – Every day Information”. Retrieved 17 Could 2019.
  14. ^ “”. Retrieved 17 Could 2019.
  15. ^
  16. ^ Goliath
  17. ^ The Wall Road Journal – The Effective Print: What’s Actually in a Lot of ‘Wholesome’ Meals
  18. ^ The Wall Road Journal – Navigating Well being Meals Claims


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top