Turkish/Pronunciation and Alphabet/A-I – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

The alphabet in Turkish is predicated on the Latin alphabet. Nevertheless, the pronunciations of the letters are slightly totally different from English, and there are additionally some maybe unfamiliar letters included, too. So, let’s begin studying the Turkish alphabet!

A[edit]

Letter is called ‘a’. Pronounced just like the a in father, however shorter. It is a again vowel. (You may see why that is essential in later classes)

For instance:

  • Ankara /ˈɑnkɑɾɑ/
  • akvaryum /ɑkˈvɑɾjum/
  • aktif /ɑkˈtif/
  • Asya /ˈɑsjɑ/
  • Avrupa /ˈɑvɾupɑ/
  • Amerika Birleşik Devletleri /ˈɑmɛɾikɑ ˈbiɾlɛʃikʲ ˈdɛvlɛtlɛɾi/

B[edit]

Named be. Pronounced just like the b in big. Devoices to ‘p’ in finish of the phrase.

For instance:

  • bar /bɑɾ/
  • baba /bɑbɑ/
  • başarı /bɑʃɑɾɯ/
  • baklava /bɑkɫɑva/
  • bir /biɾ/
  • beyaz /bɛjaz/

C[edit]

Named ce. Now issues have began to go totally different, right here! Watch out, in Turkish, c is pronounced kind of just like the j in jelly. Devoices to ‘ç’ ultimately of phrase, with only a few exceptions like hac (/hadʒ/).

For instance:

  • cep telefonu /dʒɛp tɛlɛfonu/
  • cam /dʒɑm/
  • cin /dʒin/
  • ceket /dʒɛkʲɛt/
  • cips /dʒips/
  • cokey /dʒokʲɛj/

Ç[edit]

Named çe. That is pronounced just like the ch in chocolate.

For instance:

  • çan /tʃɑn/
  • çam /tʃɑm/
  • çene /tʃɛˈnɛ/
  • çay /tʃɑj/
  • çocuk /tʃoˈdʒuk/
  • Çin /tʃin/

D[edit]

Named de. That is pronounced just like the d in delight. Devoices to ‘t’ on the finish of a phrase, with very uncommon exceptions like advert (/ɑd/).

For instance:

  • Danimarka /dɑniˈmɑɾkɑ/
  • deniz /dɛˈniz/
  • dün /dyn/
  • dört /dœɾt/
  • döner /dœnɛɾ/

E[edit]

Named e. Feels like “e” in “pet”.

Examples:

  • egzersiz /ɛɡʲzɛɾˈsiz/
  • ekmek /ɛkʲˈmɛkʲ/
  • elma /ɛlˈmɑ/
  • enerji /ɛnɛɾˈʒi/
  • ev /ˈɛv/
  • el /ˈɛl/

F[edit]

Named fe. That is pronounced just like the f in forget. It is a uncommon sound and solely happens in loanwords.

For instance:

  • faks /ˈfɑks/
  • Finlandiya /finˈlɑndijɑ/
  • Fransa /ˈfɾɑnsɑ/
  • futbol /ˈfutboɫ/

G[edit]

Or ge. That is pronounced just like the g in go with again vowels and extra palatal with entrance vowels. Detones to ‘okay’ in finish of the phrase. In some Arabic and Persian loanwords, it would spelled palatalized with again wovels with , as in gâvur /gʲɑwuɾ/. This pronunciation is indicated by including a circumflex (^) over the following vowel.

For instance:

  • gazete /ɡɑzɛtɛ/
  • gece /ɡʲɛdʒɛ/
  • göz /ɡʲœz/
  • gangster /ɡɑŋɡstɛɾ/
  • gram /ɡɾɑm/
  • greyfurt /ɡɾɛjfuɾt/

Ğ[edit]

In Turkish, that is known as “yumuşak g” (/jumuʃak ɡʲɛ/), that means comfortable g, as a result of it is technically what it’s. It is essentially the most distinctive letter in Turkish, having no equal in lots of different languages. “Ğ” could be pronounced in 3 ways.

  • If it is adopted by a vowel, it is silent, and the Ğ is simply there to point the beginning of a brand new syllable. Don’t pronounce it in that place! For instance, the phrases ağaç /ɑ.ɑtʃ/ and meğer /mɛ.ɛɾ/ are each pronounced in two syllables, with a hiatus in between two vowels.
  • If it follows the letter “E”, it feels like a faint “Y” sound, as within the phrase eğri, pronounced /ɛʲɾi/.
  • If it is adopted by a consonant, or Ğ is the final letter of the phrase, it has no sound, however the earlier vowel is held for an extended period. For instance, within the phrase yağmur /jɑ:muɾ/ the vowel A is longer.

“Ğ” should at all times comply with a vowel, and as such it could possibly by no means be used in the beginning of a phrase (that is why it lacks its personal title).

Some extra examples:

  • dağ /da:/
  • yoğurt /yo.uɾt/
  • öğrenci /œ:ɾɛndʒi/
  • iğne /i:nɛ/
  • teğmen /tɛʲmɛn/

H[edit]

Or he. That is pronounced just like the “h” in heaven.

For instance:

  • hafta /hɑftɑ/
  • hayır /hɑjɯɾ/
  • hata /hɑtɑ:/

I[edit]

That is one other one to be careful for! It isn’t pronounced like an i! As a matter of truth, the lowercase model of it is a dotless i (ı). It has no actual English equal, however is pronounced just like the e in legend or i in cousin. The precise pronunciation is made by shaping your lips to say e (as in bread), however attempting to say u (as in you) as a substitute. It is onerous, however no hurt in attempting!

For instance:

  • ılık /ɯˈɫɯk/
  • ısı /ɯˈsɯ/

Try to be taught these off by coronary heart, significantly c, ç, ğ and ı!

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