vira – Wiktionary

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From translingual Vira or New Latin vīra.

Noun[edit]

vira (uncommon)

  1. plural of virus
    • 1907, Annual Report of the Director of Agriculture, web page 69:

      Seeing, nevertheless, that neither virus Peculiar, Tzaneen, nor Bulawayo protected utterly towards horse-sickness within the numerous components of the Transvaal I now determined to make a mixture of the 2 vira and so as to add to it the third virus, Bulawayo.

    • 1909, Report of the Authorities Veterinary Bacteriologist, web page 24:

      Then the concept occurred to unite all these numerous vira and to acquire on this approach a polyvalent virus which might defend towards any of the vira of which it was composed, and by this implies I hoped to cut back the mortality in apply.

    • 1909 January, Arnold Theiler, “The Immunity of Mules Towards Horse-Illness.”, in Transvaal Agricultural Journal, quantity VII, quantity 26, pages 178–182:

      To be able to settle the purpose whether or not an animal that had been immunised on this station would contract horse-sickness when subjected to both of the 2 vira, the next experiments have been made:— [] Our experiments not solely reveal the truth that the immunity obtained from one virus doesn’t utterly defend towards both of the opposite two, however that animals immune towards two of the three vira could break down when subjected to the third virus. [] The truth that polyvalent virus didn’t defend towards all the constituents, because it ought to have carried out, reveals that in passing the polyvalent virus by way of a horse a number of of the vira will need to have been excluded from the combination with which the horse was injected. [] Accordingly, we once more determined to extend the polyvalency of the virus by introducing into it, along with the strains with which we’ve inoculated hitherto, such different strains as have damaged the immunity, and, in including to the pressure of polyvalent virus the brand new vira of relapses, we hope to lastly arrive at a virus which is able to give immunity towards any pressure of the nation. [] The query could maybe recommend itself whether or not an immunity of an animal will be elevated by the repeated injection of various strains of vira at intervals, and the next desk could show attention-grabbing:— []

    • 1925, Lister Institute of Preventive Medication, Collected Papers, quantity 21, web page 35:

      The very apparent predominance of epidermal lesions within the gross pathological anatomy of variola and vaccinia, whether or not spontaneous or experimentally induced, has for a few years been interpreted as indicating a peculiar affinity of those vira for pores and skin and never merely for skin-tissue as an entire, however for that portion of it which is derived from epiblast. [] Immunity to the vira in query was usually held to reside within the pores and skin itself, and it’s shocking that the demonstration by Sternberg (1892) of the truth that the serum of vaccinated animals acquired the property of neutralizing the particular virus in vitro so {that a} combination of the 2 failed to absorb a contemporary animal, did so little to change normal opinion within the route of postulating a normal kind of immunity, and that, too, though the presence of those viricidins or neutralizing our bodies obtained ample affirmation from the work of Béclère, Chambon and Menard (1899) and plenty of others.

    • 1933 December 22, L. T. Giltner; M. S. Shahan, “The Immunological Relationship of Jap and Western Strains of Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus”, in Science, quantity 78, quantity 2034, web page 588:

      Neutralization checks, using a hyperimmune horse serum and a hyperimmune rabbit serum, have been performed with the 2 vira. [] The strategy of getting ready virus suspensions, mixing and holding serum-virus inocula, was equivalent to that employed by Howitt in neutralization checks of poliomyelitis and equine encephalomyelitis vira. / A collection of three checks was performed, utilizing S. D. and Md vira on the identical days, with controls within the type of regular serum-virus mixtures and saline-virus mixtures of the identical virus dilution as that within the immune serum-virus mixtures. [] The Md virus illness within the guinea-pigs is of a extra acute kind than the S. D. virus an infection and the vira present sure immunological variations.

    • 1940, J. Mulder, “The Influenza Epidemic of February—March 1939 within the Garrison at Groningen.”, in Acta Medica Scandinavica:

      Desk four reveals the outcomes of those checks, which present convincingly that the vira are associated, as may very well be anticipated, however definitely not equivalent.

    • 1944, Seiffert, Gustav; Taylor, Marion Lee, Virus Illnesses in Man, Animal, and Plant, web page 65:

      Additional virus is discovered most often within the tissues to which it has especial affinity, for ex. within the lymph of vaccine pustules and of the blisters of hoof and mouth illness, within the mind cells within the case of neurotrop vira.

    • 1990 February, S. Zvizdić; Ok. Serić; S. Radović; I. Selak, “Isolation of viruses from post-mortem materials through the Coxsackie virus epidemic in Sarajevo in 1985”, in Journal of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina:

      On this paper have been offered outcomes of isolation of vira from some organs of the lifeless new child infants through the epidemy Coxsackie B virosis in Sarajevo in 1985. 12 new child died. Obduction was carried out in seven new child. From the seven obducated, in six have been remoted Coxsackie B-3 vira from coronary heart, lungs, mind, liquor, blood, coronary heart blood however the makes an attempt of isolation of the vira from gut and from pericardial liquor didn’t succeed.

    • 1994 June 2, Hau, Jann, Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science: Animal Fashions, CRC Press, web page 115:

      The distinction in diabetogenic properties of the D and B variants may, nevertheless, be associated to the affinity of the vira for beta-cell receptors. Thus, a examine has proven that as much as six occasions extra EMC-D than EMC-B virus attaches to major beta cells extracted from male ICR-Swiss mice.

    • 2001 July 25, Peter Larsen, “Re: Virus WARNING to AAPLS”, in alt.audio.professional.live-sound, Usenet, message-ID <[email protected]>:

      > *geese* 🙂 / Nothing to duck about, cross-platform vira are as but uncommon, nevertheless complety[sic] doable within the newer parsed languages. Vira have come up that focus on additionally Netscape. [] If folks merely reviewed their outbound folder previous to sending most of the vira would have been much less in a position to unfold like wildfire.
    • 2009, Johan Moan; Arne Dahlback; LiWei Ma; Asta Juzeniene, “Influenza, photo voltaic radiation and vitamin D”, in Dermato-Endocrinology:

      Moreover, the query of whether or not it’s the host or the vira/micro organism that exhibit seasonality arises.

    • 2017 December 21, Gerson Silva Paiva, Anti-aids cocktail consisting of an anti-tumoral compound, a p-glycoprotein inhibitor, and an anti-viral agent, US Patent 20170360880 (PDF model), web page 1, column 2:

      In accordance with the connected determine, the cocktail in accordance with the current invention is an affiliation of a business anti-tumoral medicament, corresponding to doxorubicin (1), whose perform is to destroy the hiding-place of the vira (i.e., the lymphocytes) by reducing the depend of lymphocytes to zero within the blood by performing as an immunosuppressor, an inhibitor of P-glycoprotein, corresponding to tariquidar (2), whose goal is to maximise the previous anti-tumoral compound within the lymphocytes, and an anti-virus of the viricide kind, corresponding to N,N-dichloro-2,2-dimethyltaurin (NVC-422) (3), which acts instantly on the virus, whose goal is to eradicate utterly the Aids virus within the organism. [] Cocktail in accordance with declare 1, characterised in that it eliminates utterly the HIV virus within the organism by the destroying motion of the lymphocytes TCD4+ (the hiding-place of the HIV virus) by the anti-tumoral compound and by the inhibitor of glycoprotein P, exposing the virus later to the direct motion of the viricide agent, thereby eliminating utterly all of the vira within the organism.

    • 2019 March 17, Dan Kehoe, “Bend, Oregon Written Testimony For Parental Selection”, in Testimony in Assist of SB 357 Earlier than the Joint Committee on Methods & Means:

      The vira that have been across the Portland metropolitan/US inhabitants throughout my training have been measles, mumps, hen pox and polio. [] Early childhood had three frequent vira, measles, mumps and hen pox, they have been known as early childhood illnesses. [] As my siblings and myself had no enter on what or how my dad and mom deemed the most effective plan for inoculation/immunization towards the vira was going to be, they together with the general majority of oldsters CHOSE, not legislated. [] I knew nobody that ever received any of the vira once more.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

vira

  1. third-person singular current indicative type of virar
  2. second-person singular crucial type of virar

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vira

  1. steady
    Synonyms: toqtamadan, turmadan

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From viro (man) +‎ -a.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vira (accusative singular viran, plural viraj, accusative plural virajn)

  1. male
    Coordinate time period: ina

Verb[edit]

vira

  1. third-person singular previous historic of virer

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Again-formation from virar (to show).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vira f (plural viras)

  1. (shoemaking) welt
  2. flounce; frill
    Synonym: fita
Associated phrases[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the principle entry.

Verb[edit]

vira

  1. first/third-person singular pluperfect indicative of ver

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the principle entry.

Verb[edit]

vira

  1. third-person singular current indicative of virar
  2. second-person singular crucial of virar

References[edit]


Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese virar. Cognate with Kabuverdianu vira.

Verb[edit]

vira

  1. to show

Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

vira

  1. third-person singular current indicative of virare
  2. second-person singular crucial of virare

Anagrams[edit]


Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese virar.

Verb[edit]

vira

  1. to show

Etymology 1[edit]

From vir (man)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vira f (genitive virae); first declension (hapax, mentioning, Previous Latin)

  1. a girl
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From translingual Vira.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vīra (New Latin)

  1. nominative plural of vīrus

References[edit]

  • William T. Stearn: Botanical Latin. Historical past, Grammar, Syntax, Terminology and Vocabulary. David & Charles, third version, 1983. Quote: “Virus: virus (s.n. II), gen. sing. viri, nom. pl. vira, gen. pl. vīrorum (to be distinguished from virorum, of males).”

Additional studying[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From virar (to show).

Noun[edit]

vira m (plural viras)

  1. a standard music and dance style of northern Portugal

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the principle entry.

Verb[edit]

vira

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, additionally used with você and others) current indicative of virar
  2. second-person singular (tu, typically used with você) affirmative crucial of virar

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the principle entry.

Verb[edit]

vira

  1. first-person singular (eu) pluperfect indicative of ver
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, additionally used with você and others) pluperfect indicative of ver

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Various varieties[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *věra, from Proto-Indo-European *weh₁ros.

Noun[edit]

vira f (Cyrillic spelling вира)

  1. (Chakavian, Ikavian) perception, religion; faith
    • 1501, Marko Marulić, Judita:
      Juditi Lavatory pomog kada napade na nj.
      Da joj ni trud zamanj, da stvari viru da,
      prikla ga, steć uza nj i odni glavu t(j)a.
    • 1559, Marin Držić, Hekuba:
      Da vira pogine, kojom je človik lip,
      od svete istine svijet bi ostao slip.
    • 1563, Dinko Ranjina, Pjesni razlike, #288:
      Tim pravo ni, toga da ne zri tva vira,
      za tobom ki cvili, uzdiše i umira.
    • 1584, Brne Karnarutić, Vazetje Sigeta grada:
      Za viru karstjansku protivit do smarti
      Tu silu pogansku ka nas grede tarti.
    • 1622, Ivan Gundulić, Suze sina razmetnoga:
      Ljepos, razum, ljubav, vira
      Sve je pričica i besjeda:
      Kakav si, ona ne razbira,
      Koliko imaš samo gleda;
    • 1762, Matija Antun Relković, Satir iliti divji čovik:
      a ovamo ne znaš očenaša
      niti pravo što je vira naša.

Noun[edit]

vira (Cyrillic spelling вира)

  1. genitive singular of vir

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-bɪ̀da.

Verb[edit]

-vira (infinitive kuvira)

  1. (intransitive) to boil

Derived phrases[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Most likely from Previous French vire (dart, welt), from Vulgar Latin *veria (javelin, dart), from Latin verua.

Noun[edit]

vira f (plural viras)

  1. welt (of a hoe)
  2. dart

Verb[edit]

vira

  1. Third-person singular (él, ella, additionally used with usted?) current indicative type of virar.
  2. Casual second-person singular () affirmative crucial type of virar.

Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

vira (current virar, preterite virade, supine virat, crucial vira)

  1. to wind (yarn on a roll), to roll
  2. (electronics) to wire-wrap

Conjugation[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

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